Located in Central America, Mexico lies between the Pacific Ocean on the west and The Gulf of Mexico on the East. Bordered by the United States to the North and Belize and Guatemala to the south, this 1,964,375 sq km country is roughly divided into six tourist regions:-
The Baja California PeninsulaThis stunning land has always been inhabited leading to interesting, varied and captivating mixture of cultures, cuisines and architectural styles. Ranging from world-class golf courses to the Sea of Cortez’s underwater treasures, this area has plenty to offer visitors. Many lucky tourists go to experience the mesmerising migration of the Gray Whale.
The Pacific CoastThis is a popular area to experience Mexico’s famous blend of cuisines and culture. The towns offer plenty of shopping, dining and sporting activities and are especially popular amongst fishermen and surfers, who are attracted by the pristine beaches.
The Yucatan PeninsulaKnown as the Gateway to Maya, this area provides stunning white-sand beaches and some excellent diving opportunities. Bordering the beautiful blue waters of the Caribbean Sea, the peninsula is home the world’s second largest coral reef, which provides a stunning environment for an array of marine life.
As well as providing ocean diving, fresh-water, inland diving can be undertaken at the submerged caverns that litter the area, known as cenotes.
Southern Mexico and the Gulf of MexicoThe shores of the Pacific Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico border the area known for its popularity amongst outdoor adventurers. This has created an ideal habitat for the development of marshes, mangrove swamps and forests, which in turn provide opportunities for the lovers of the outdoors, either adventurers or ecotourists.
Central MexicoThis is the heartland of Mexico, and often provides the image that tourists think of when they think of Mexico. Stunning natural surroundings, colourful, bustling towns, beautiful colonial cities and numerous World Heritage sites provide plenty for visitors to explore and discover.
Northern MexicoKnown for its unforgiving extreme weather conditions, this area is popular amongst those who enjoy experiencing, deserts, nature reserves and mountain ranges. The cities in this area tend to be the key industrial and business areas of the nation.
In all, Mexico’s 32 states provide a variety of experiences and adventures for those visiting. They offer a large array of activities, and provide countless tourist attractions and complexes so you can experience the best Mexico has to offer, whilst still getting money out of your bank account, or performing other essential tasks if you need to!
ClimateRanging, from 25° C to 30° C (77° F to 86° F), Mexico experiences a typical Tropical Climate. Although the diverse topography of the country has led to a variety of microclimates, generally, the hottest time of year is May to September, with the temperature cooling off from October to April.
Currency & BankingThe currency of Mexico is the Peso, in denominations of 20, 50, 100, 200, 500 and 1000pesos on bank notes. All money exchange bureaus accept US Dollars, and Euros and Canadian Dollars are also widely exchangeable.
Banking hours are generally: Monday – Friday : 9.00 – 16.00
Larger cites often have banks with longer opening hours and also a weekend service.
Other Useful Information
- Mexico has a population of approximately 110,000,000 inhabitants, with most people concentrated in Monterrey, Guadalajara and Mexico City.
- Spanish is the official language, although over 60 indigenous pre-Hispanic languages are still in use.
- In the winter, Baja California is on Pacific Standard Time (GMT –8hrs), the northwest and Pacific coast states are on Mountain Standard Time (GMT –7hrs) and the southern, eastern and some central regions are on Central Standard Time (GMT –6hrs). Please also note that Daylight Saving Time is applied during the summer months.
- The country code when dialling to Mexico is 52 and the long distance code is 01 for phone calls.
- 060 is the emergency number for the police
- 080 is the emergency number for the fire department and ambulances
- Important dates that Mexicans celebrate as holidays include:- Easter Week (March to April), Day of the Dead (November 2nd) Independence day (September 16th) and the Virgin of Guadalupe Day (December 12th).
- Tourist Information is readily available in every state, with offices, booths, embassies and consulates all easily locatable and eager to assist.